Ionizing Radiation (IR) are electromagnetic waves of extremely high frequency (X and gamma rays), which contain sufficient photon energy to produce ionization by breaking atomic bonds and thus affect the natural state of living tissues. (ionization of atoms is the conversion of molecules into ions with positive or negative electrical charge.)
Non-Ionizing Radiation are electromagnetic radiation that do not have enough energy to ionize matter and therefore can not affect the natural state of living tissues. They are generally part of the electromagnetic spectrum whose photon energy is too weak to break atomic bonds, among them include ultraviolet radiation, visible light, infrared radiation, RF fields and microwaves, and extremely frequency fields low. The RNI can come from nature, the sun being the major source of radiation or radio systems and services for civilian and military use, such as radio, TV, Internet, landline and mobile phones, amateur radio, as well as security systems of the armed forces, airports, radar, police, fire, health, alarms, satellite tracking, etc.. In order of magnitude, broadcasting services (AM, FM and TV) for its technical features,
WHO is the agency responsible for guiding and coordinating the scientific, statistical and epidemiological especially as regards the protection of health and the environment, generated by major research centers and scientific institutions in the world, from which recommendations are made. That is why in order to ensure that human exposure to electromagnetic fields have no adverse health effects and generating sets of these fields are safe for health, have adopted various guidelines and standards. The WHO based its recommendations on studies of the International Commission for Protection Against Non-Ionizing Radiation (ICNIRP). In particular with regard to mobile phones, scientific information produced so far by the ICNIRP, does not indicate the need for some precautions that should be added to the WHO recommendations.
International standards are developed by regulatory authorities parameters that set limits to avoid risks that could result in exposure to ionizing radiation. The boundaries drawn by the International Commission for the Protection of Non-Ionizing Radiation (ICNIRP) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) are the gold standard worldwide and determine what the maximum population exposure levels (MEP). In our country, Argentina, Resolution 202/1995 established the maximum public exposure levels (MEP) for the NIR, which are lower than the WHO recommended later
As part of its mandate to protect public health, and in response to public concern over the health effects of EMF exposure, the World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1996, the International EMF Project to assess the evidence scientific potential health effects of EMF in the frequency range from 0 to 300 GHz EMF Project encourages focused research to fill important gaps in knowledge and facilitate the development of internationally acceptable standards limiting EMF exposure.
Hosted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) since 1998 and since 2000 with support of 3,850,000 euros financed by the European Union (EU) and complements funding from the International Union Against Cancer (UICC ) involved the participation of researchers from 13 countries: Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Norway, Britain, Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand and Israel. This study is coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The MMF provided partial funding for the Interphone project in conjunction with the GSM Association, the European Commission and many national research funding. Funding was provided so as to ensure full scientific independence of the study, and the terms of the financing agreement are publicly available at: http://www.iarc.fr/en/research-groups/RAD/RCAd.html
The Nation has established minimum standards with the Resolution 202/95 of MSyAS approved by the National Safety Standard for exposure to radio frequencies between 100 KHz and 300 GHz, prior to the regulations of the ICNIRP (1998) and more restrictive. For its part, the Ministry of Communications Res dicto and CNC 530/00 Res 3690/04 establishing the NIR measurement protocols. At the provincial level, the dictates of Buenos Aires Prov Res 900/05 subsequently replaced by Resolution 144/07, subsequently replaced by Resolution 87/13, establishing the Installation and Operating Permit for generating sites at frequencies above 300 kHz. In the City of Buenos Aires issued Resolution (APRA) 343/08 which approved the Protocol for the Evaluation of Non-Ionizing Radiation from 100 kHz to 300 GHz, Measurement Methods and Measurement Report Annex I, II and III . For their part, municipalities enact ordinances that regulate all matters relating to zoning and construction approval from the face.